(新疆, officially the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). The “autonomous” region of China whose largest ethnic group is Uyghurs, with another 7% of Ethnic Kazakhs, and Islam as the majority religion. The World Uyghur Congress and other Uyghur organizations do not accept the name Xinjiang, which means “New Frontier” or “New Borderland” and was imposed by Imperial China in 1884, after it conquered or rather reconquered the region, that it had already occupied between 1760 and 1860. Uyghurs prefer the name “East Turkestan,” which was also used by two ephemeral independent states, known as the First (1933) and the Second (1944–49) East Turkestan Republics. In order to avoid the choice between “Xinjiang” and “East Turkestan,” both problematic designations, American scholar Rian Thum suggested to adopt the ancient name of the region, Altishahr (“Six Cities”), which is however rarely used outside of scholarly circles.
Secret Document Reveals How Baháʼís Are Persecuted in Iran
Baháʼís should be harassed in schools and bazaars, excluded from universities, and regarded as “enemies.”
Pakistan: 100-year-old Hindu Temple Attacked in Rawalpindi
Religious extremists and the “encroachment mafia” likely cooperated in the attack in Purana Qila.
“Right to Truth” on Human Rights Violations Discussed in a Webinar
On the day commemorating the assassination of Bishop Romero, experts gathered to discuss transitional justice and the Tai Ji Men case in Taiwan.
Grid System Used to Target “Illegal” Religion
The Orwellian system of dividing China into 100x100 meter grids for surveillance now includes grid officers in charge of hunting members of banned religious groups.