(新疆, officially the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). The “autonomous” region of China whose largest ethnic group is Uyghurs, with another 7% of Ethnic Kazakhs, and Islam as the majority religion. The World Uyghur Congress and other Uyghur organizations do not accept the name Xinjiang, which means “New Frontier” or “New Borderland” and was imposed by Imperial China in 1884, after it conquered or rather reconquered the region, that it had already occupied between 1760 and 1860. Uyghurs prefer the name “East Turkestan,” which was also used by two ephemeral independent states, known as the First (1933) and the Second (1944–49) East Turkestan Republics. In order to avoid the choice between “Xinjiang” and “East Turkestan,” both problematic designations, American scholar Rian Thum suggested to adopt the ancient name of the region, Altishahr (“Six Cities”), which is however rarely used outside of scholarly circles.
Buddhist Statues Removed from Temples and Tourist Sites
Using various trumped-up pretexts, the CCP continues its campaign to eliminate outdoor religious statues across China.
Militarized Labor Training and Indoctrination: Xinjiang Schemes Exported to Tibet
Although not necessarily involving detention, the CCP’s militarized training of Tibetan workers, sent to work far from home, is suspiciously similar to what is being done to the Uyghurs.
Uyghur Students Taught to Neglect Native Language and Culture
Han teachers working in schools for Uyghur children reveal the ugly side of the CCP’s campaign to “support Xinjiang.”
Religious Venues Suppressed in the Name of Epidemic Prevention
Churches and temples were rigorously restricted to reopen after coronavirus measures were eased, and authorities used the situation to expand control over them.