In the terminology of sociologist Fenggang Yang, the segment of Chinese religion including Churches, communities, mosques, and temples that are not part of the red market, i.e. refuse to join the five official religious organizations, yet are not listed as xie jiao. Religious organizations in the gray market are illegal, but being active in one of them (unlike being active in a xie jiao) is not a crime. They were alternatively persecuted and at least half-tolerated for decades, until the new Regulation on Religious Affairs indicated the CCP’s intention of no longer tolerating them.« Back to Glossary Index
Red Universities Not Red Enough, CCP Says
Students do not take ideological courses seriously. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection warns that this lack of enthusiasm cannot be tolerated.
China, All Information Should Be Produced and Distributed by the State
Private companies will be prohibited from publishing or broadcasting news about politics, culture, sport, and pretty much everything else.
The Taiping Mystery. 5. Why the Taiping Matter
Without the Taiping Rebellion, the subsequent history of China would have been different. It also explains features of the CCP policy on religion.
Brainwashing Theories: the Myth and the History of "Mind Control"
Brainwashing theories: origins, application in the military field, and to religious groups, up to their discredit. Are mind control theories making a comeback?