(勞動教養or勞教). “Re-education through labor” camps, instituted by the CCP in 1957. They should not be confused with laogai. Inmates are sent to laogai based on a decision by a court of law, while no judicial decision was needed to send somebody to a laojiao. An administrative order by a security agency was enough. The laojiao system was widely used for dissidents, devotees of banned religions, and real or suspected “counter-revolutionaries.” The laojiao were abolished in 2013, and replaced by the transformation through education camps.
“The Chief Witness”: Alexandra Cavelius Tells the Story of Sayragul Sauytbay
Soon in English, the German best seller gives voice to a woman whose testimony about the transformation through education camps in Xinjiang cannot be impeached.
How Jews Celebrated Hanukkah with Uyghurs in Mind
The global Jewish community is refusing to stay silent in the face of mounting human rights atrocities perpetrated against the Uyghurs.
Orthodox Dissidents Now Regarded as “Cultists” in Russia
In Rostov Oblast, a cleric of the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church is prosecuted as a “cult leader.”
China Tries to Disrupt Tibetan Parliamentary Elections
Tibetans abroad vote to elect the members of the Central Tibetan Administration. The CCP mobilizes its spies, and asks friendly governments to harass voters.