Arguments and campaigns of the 1920s against Christianity were still used in subsequent decades, from Chairman Mao to Xi Jinping.
A collection of Bitter Winter reports on how Christians in China continue practicing their faith, in the face of persecution, deprived of places to worship.
Since 2012, Buddhists in Mongolia are without an officially recognized Jebtsundamba, their local leader. Beijing claims Mongolia should only enthrone a CCP-friendly Jebtsundamba – or else.
Founded in 1917, and severely persecuted in the 1950s, this movement whose story is told in a new scholarly book by Melissa Inouye, accepted to join the Three-Self Church—but is now at risk again.
A study of 200 court decisions published in the scholarly Journal of CESNUR demonstrates that living a normal religious life in a banned group is enough to go to jail in China.
Time for a sober assessment of the agreement. While it would be excessive to state that all Chinese Catholics oppose it, its application is problematic, dissident priests are persecuted, and underlying theological issues on religious liberty remains unsolved.
The story of a German priest who became a key figure in the Catholic missions to Shandong before being killed in 1945.
The exemplary tale of a seventy-year old house church in Xiamen, Fujian, whose glorious existence was brutally terminated by the CCP.
Increasingly persecuted, members of these conservative Protestant churches are fleeing China in growing numbers.